The Middle Colonies | Free Printable American History Reading with Questions
 
Welcome to www.studenthandouts.com! We hope that you enjoy our thousands of free educational materials for kindergarten through high school. If you have any questions or suggestions, send us a message at webmaster@studenthandouts.com.

 
The Middle Colonies
Free Printable American History Reading with Questions for Grades 9-12 - American History Readings
 
 

Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan, and tolerant than in New England.  Under William Penn, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly and grew rapidly. By 1685, its population was almost 9,000.  The heart of the colony was Philadelphia, a city of broad, tree-shaded streets, substantial brick and stone houses, and busy docks. By the end of the colonial period, nearly a century later, 30,000 people lived there, representing many languages, creeds, and trades. Their talent for successful business enterprise made the city one of the thriving centers of the British Empire.

Though the Quakers dominated in Philadelphia, elsewhere in Pennsylvania others were well represented. Germans became the colony's most skillful farmers.  Important, too, were cottage industries such as weaving, shoemaking, cabinetmaking, and other crafts.  Pennsylvania was also the principal gateway into the New World for the Scots-Irish, who moved into the colony in the early 18th century. "Bold and indigent strangers," as one Pennsylvania official called them, they hated the English and were suspicious of all government. The Scots-Irish tended to settle in the backcountry, where they cleared land and lived by hunting and subsistence farming.

New York best illustrated the polyglot nature of America.  By 1646, the population along the Hudson River included Dutch, French, Danes, Norwegians, Swedes, English, Scots, Irish, Germans, Poles, Bohemians, Portuguese, and Italians.  The Dutch continued to exercise an important social and economic influence on the New York region long after the fall of New Netherland and their integration into the British colonial system.  Their sharp-stepped gable roofs became a permanent part of the city's architecture, and their merchants gave Manhattan much of its original bustling, commercial atmosphere.

 
 
 
 
Directions: Read the text above, then answer the questions below.
 
1. What city was the heart of colonial Pennsylvania?

2. What group dominated in colonial Philadelphia?

3. What immigrant group tended to settle in the backcountry, where they cleared land and lived by hunting and subsistence farming?

4. What group continued to exercise an important social and economic influence on the New York region long after the fall of New Netherland and their integration into the British colonial system?
 
Click here to print this worksheet.
 
Text courtesy of the U.S. State Department, Bureau of International Information Programs, 2005
 
 
 
 
You might also like...
American Foreign Policy between WWI and WWII
Portuguese in India DBQ Worksheet
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Worksheet #3
Social Media Madness Worksheet #2
Censored Voices (2015)