|The Wars of the Roses (1455-1485)
The Wars of the Roses were fought in Calais, England, and Wales.
The contestants were the House of York (represented by the white
rose) and the House of Lancaster (represented by the red rose), both
branches of the House of Plantagenet.
A Lancastrian claimant, Henry
Tudor, defeated the last Yorkist king, Richard
III, winning the English
throne. Henry Tudor (now Henry VII) married Edward
IV's daughter, Elizabeth
of York, in order to unite the two houses. The House
of Tudor went on to rule England
and Wales for 117 years,
ending with the death of Elizabeth I.