Read the following passage, then answer the questions below.

With the French now involved, the British, still believing that most Southerners were Loyalists, stepped up their efforts in the Southern colonies. A campaign began in late 1778, with the capture of Savannah, Georgia. Shortly thereafter, British troops and naval forces converged on Charleston, South Carolina, the principal Southern port. They managed to bottle up American forces on the Charleston peninsula. On May 12, 1780, General Benjamin Lincoln surrendered the city and its 5,000 troops, in the greatest American defeat of the war.

But the reversal in fortune only emboldened the American rebels. South Carolinians began roaming the countryside, attacking British supply lines. In July, American General Horatio Gates, who had assembled a replacement force of untrained militiamen, rushed to Camden, South Carolina, to confront British forces led by General Charles Cornwallis. But Gates's makeshift army panicked and ran when confronted by the British regulars. Cornwallis's troops met the Americans several more times, but the most significant battle took place at Cowpens, South Carolina, in early 1781, where the Americans soundly defeated the British. After an exhausting but unproductive chase through North Carolina, Cornwallis set his sights on Virginia.

American History Module - British Move South | Student Handouts

American History Module - The British Move South

1. What was the principal Southern port in the American colonies?

Charleston, South Carolina
Jacksonville, Florida
Norfolk, Virginia
Savannah, Georgia
2. In the greatest American defeat of the Revolutionary War, General _____ surrendered the city of Charleston, South Carolina, along with its 5,000 troops, on May 12, 1780.

Benjamin Lincoln
George Washington
Horatio Gates
John Pitcairn
3. What general led British troops in the South?

Charles Cornwallis
George Washington
Horatio Gates
John Burgoyne
4. The British soundly defeated the Americans at Cowpens, South Carolina, in early 1781.


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British Move South - Interactive United States History Module on the American Revolution