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The Second New Deal
|In its early years, the New Deal sponsored a remarkable series of legislative initiatives and achieved significant increases in production and prices--but it did not bring an end to the Depression. As the sense of immediate crisis eased, new demands emerged. Businessmen mourned the end of "laissez-faire" and chafed under the regulations of the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA). Vocal attacks also mounted from the political left and right as dreamers, schemers, and politicians alike emerged with economic panaceas that drew wide audiences. Dr. Francis E. Townsend advocated generous old-age pensions. Father Charles Coughlin, the "radio priest," called for inflationary policies and blamed international bankers in speeches increasingly peppered with anti-Semitic imagery. Most formidably, Senator Huey P. Long of Louisiana, an eloquent and ruthless spokesman for the displaced, advocated a radical redistribution of wealth. (If he had not been assassinated in September 1935, Long very likely would have launched a presidential challenge to Franklin Roosevelt in 1936.) ...|
Click here to print this worksheet. Answer Key: 1. B - False; 2. Inflationary policies; 3. Senator Huey P. Long; 4. Works Progress Administration (WPA); 5. C - National Youth Administration; 6. Social Security Act of 1935; 7. B - False; 8. Public Utility Holding Company Act; 9. B - rural; 10. Answers will vary.