Civil War and Reconstruction U.S. History Workbook | Student Handouts
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Workbook #7 - The Civil War and Reconstruction
This particular workbook covers the entire U.S. Civil War and the Reconstruction era, including the secession of Southern states, the formation of the Confederacy, Robert E. Lee, William T. Sherman, Ulysses S. Grant, major battles such as Gettysburg and Vicksburg, the surrender at Appomattox Courthouse, the Reconstruction Amendments, the Freedmen'a Bureau, the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, the impeachment of Andrew Johnson, Radical Reconstruction, the election of Rutherford B. Hayes, Jim Crow laws, and much, much more. This is 22 pages in length. The answer key is below. Click here to print.
Civil War and Reconstruction - Workbook for high school United States History is free to print (PDF file).
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1  Secession and Civil War

1. C - South Carolina
2. Confederate States of America
3. April 12, 1861 -- Confederate guns opened fire on the federal garrison at Fort Sumter in the Charleston, South Carolina, harbor
4. B - Jefferson Davis
5. Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri
6. Material resources, larger population, industrial superiority, and superior railway network
7. Geography (defensive war on its own territory) and a stronger military tradition

2  Western Advance, Eastern Stalemate

1. B - Bull Run
2. Gideon Welles
3. A - Blockade
4. David Farragut
5. General Ulysses S. Grant
6. Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland; bloodiest single day of the war; 4000+ died on both sides and 18,000 wounded
7. Failed to break Lee's lines or press the attack at Antietam
8. Declared that as of January 1, 1863, all slaves in states rebelling against the Union were free; authorized the recruitment of African Americans into the Union Army
9. Answers will vary
3  Gettysburg to Appomattox

1. B - Gettysburg
2. C - Vicksburg
3. Systematically destroyed railroads, factories, warehouses, and other facilities in his path
4. February 1865
5. A - Appomattox Courthouse

4  With Malice toward None

1. A - George McClellan
2. Answers will vary
3. D - John Wilkes Booth
4. Answers will vary
5. Andrew Johnson
6. Freedmen's Bureau
7. Abolished slavery
8. By presidential proclamation he appointed a governor for each of the former Confederate states and freely restored political rights to many Southerners through use of presidential pardons.

5  Radical Reconstruction

1. C - Thaddeus Stevens
2. Citizenship for former slaves
3. Answers will vary
4. Answers will vary
5. "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
6. He had removed from his Cabinet the secretary of war without Senate approval, his opposition to punitive congressional policies, and the violent language he used in criticizing them
7. Ulysses S. Grant
8. Northern men who had gone South after the war to make their political fortunes
9. To severely punish those who attempted to deprive the African-American freedmen of their civil rights

6  The End of Reconstruction

1. Restored full political rights to all but about 500 former rebels
2. Republicans promised to withdraw federal troops from the South
3. Segregation of public schools, limiting or forbidding African Americans access to many public facilities, and denial of the right to vote through literacy tests and poll taxes
4. Answers will vary
5. Answers will vary

7  The Civil War and New Patterns of American Politics

1. To foster American manufacturing
2. To encourage Western settlement
3. To establish "land grant" agricultural and technical colleges
4. To underwrite a transcontinental railway line
5. They feared a massive migration of newly freed African Americans to the North
6. Answers will vary
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