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The Russian Revolution of 1917 had a profound and far-reaching impact on world history in several key ways.

End of the Russian Empire: The Russian Revolution led to the collapse of the centuries-old Russian Empire, which was replaced by a socialist state. The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Provisional Government in October 1917 (Julian calendar; November in the Gregorian calendar), marking the beginning of the Soviet era.

Spread of Communist Ideology: The success of the Russian Revolution inspired communist and socialist movements worldwide. The establishment of the Soviet Union as the first socialist state led to the spread of communist ideology and the formation of communist parties in many countries.

Civil War in Russia: The Russian Revolution triggered a brutal civil war that lasted from 1917 to 1923. The conflict pitted the Bolshevik Red Army against a coalition of anti-Bolshevik forces, including the White Army, foreign interventionists, and nationalist movements. The outcome of the civil war solidified Bolshevik control over Russia.

Creation of the Soviet Union: In 1922, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) joined with several other Soviet republics to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), commonly known as the Soviet Union. The USSR would go on to become a major superpower during the 20th century.

Impact on International Relations: The establishment of the Soviet Union significantly altered international relations. It contributed to the emergence of a bipolar world during the Cold War, with the United States and the USSR as the two superpowers. The ideological and political rivalry between these two superpowers shaped global politics for decades.

Influence on Socialist Movements: The Russian Revolution inspired socialist and communist movements worldwide, leading to revolutions, uprisings, and the establishment of communist governments in various countries. This included the Chinese Communist Revolution in 1949, the Cuban Revolution in 1959, and the spread of communist regimes in Eastern Europe.

Diplomatic and Economic Isolation: After the revolution, the newly formed Soviet government faced diplomatic isolation and economic sanctions from many Western countries. This isolation contributed to the Soviet Union's self-reliance and pursuit of socialist economic policies.

Impact on Arts and Culture: The Russian Revolution had a significant impact on arts and culture, inspiring avant-garde movements in literature, art, and cinema, in the West, and Soviet realism in the USSR. Artists and writers explored new forms of expression and engaged with political and social themes.

Social and Economic Transformation: The Soviet government implemented radical social and economic changes, including the nationalization of industry, land redistribution, and the promotion of education and literacy. These policies had a profound impact on Russian society.

Legacy and Memory: The Russian Revolution and the subsequent Soviet era left a lasting legacy in Russia and the former Soviet republics. The revolution's memory is still a subject of debate and interpretation, with some viewing it as a moment of hope and others as a period of repression and suffering.

In summary, the Russian Revolution of 1917 reshaped the political, ideological, and geopolitical landscape of the 20th century. It introduced communism as a significant political ideology, influenced global politics, and had a lasting impact on the development of the Soviet Union and its role in world history. > World History > Russian Revolution