The War in North Africa and Europe
|Soon after the United States entered the war, the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union (at war with Germany since June 22, 1941) decided that their primary military effort was to be focused in Europe.|
Throughout 1942, British and German forces fought inconclusive back-and-forth battles across Libya and Egypt for control of the Suez Canal. But on October 23, British forces commanded by General Sir Bernard Montgomery struck at the Germans from El Alamein. Equipped with a thousand tanks, many made in America, they defeated General Erwin Rommel’s army in a grinding two-week campaign. On November 7, American and British armed forces landed in French North Africa. Squeezed between forces advancing from east and west, the Germans were pushed back and, after fierce resistance, surrendered in May 1943.
Click here to print this worksheet. Answer Key: 1. B - Italy; 2. D - Suez Canal; 3. General Erwin Rommel; 4. C - Stalingrad; 5. A - True; 6. D - Rome; 7. General Dwight D. Eisenhower; 8. June 6, 1944; 9. C - Paris; 10. May 7, 1945.