Today in History: October Calendar | Student Handouts
 
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Today in History: October
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1
1800 - France gained Louisiana from Spain in the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
1908 - The Ford Model-T car premiered on the market.
1971 - Walt Disney World opened in Orlando, Florida.
 
2
1958 - Guinea became independent.
 
3
1929 - Yugoslavia became the new name of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.
1990 - Germany reunified.
 
4
1957 - The Sputnik satellite was launched by the Soviet Union.
 
5
1877 - Surrender of Chief Joseph to the U.S. Army
1910 - Portugal became a republic.
 
6
1927 - World's First Full-Length Sound Film, The Jazz Singer Starring Al Jolson, Released
1973 - Start of the Yom Kippur War
 
7
1765 - First Meeting of the Stamp Act Congress
1949 - Formation of East Germany
 
8
1871 - Start of the Great Fire of Chicago
 
9
1635 - Roger Williams Banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony
1967 - Execution of Che Guevara in Bolivia
 
10
1845 - Opening of the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland
1911  - Qing (Manchu) Dynasty Overthrown in China
1970 - Fiji Independent
2001 - Representative Nancy Pelosi (Democrat, California) Became Minority Whip
 
11
1899 - Start of South Africa's Boer War
1962 - Pope John XXIII Convened the First Session of Vatican II
 
12
1492 - Bahamas Reached by Christopher Columbus
2000 - Terrorist Attack of the U.S.S. Cole in Yemen
 
13
1792 - White House Cornerstone Laid
1943 - Italy Declared War on Germany (World War II)
 
14
1066 - Battle of Hastings in the Norman Conquest of England
1947 - Charles "Chuck" Yeager Traveled Faster Than the Speed of Sound
1964 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
 
15
1914 - Congress Passed the Clayton Antitrust Act
1951 - Television Premiere of I Love Lucy
1966 - Creation of the U.S. Department of Transportation
1993 - F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
 
 
 
 
16
1793 - Marie Antoinette Guillotined in Paris, France
1916 - First Birth-Control Clinic Opened by Margaret Sanger in New York City
 
17
1777 - Surrender of British General Burgoyne (American Revolutionary War)
1979 - Mother Theresa of Calcutta Awarded Nobel Peace Prize
 
18
1685 - Edict of Nantes Revoked by Louis XIV
1767 - Mason-Dixon Line Established
1867 - United States Acquired Alaska
 
19
1781 - Surrender of British General Cornwallis (American Revolutionary War)
 
20
1803 - Louisiana Purchase Ratified by the Senate
1968 - Marriage of Jacqueline Bouvier-Kennedy and Aristotle Onassis
 
21
1797 - Launching of the U.S.S. Constitution, Also Known As "Old Ironsides"
1805 - The Battle of Trafalgar was fought off the coast of Spain.
1959 - Opening of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City
 
22
1836 - Sam Houston Became the First President of Texas
 
23
1915 - 25,000-Strong Suffragette March in New York City
1946 - First Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly in New York
 
24
1648 - Signing of the Peace of Westphalia
1931 - Opening of the George Washington Bridge between New Jersey and New York
1940 - Start of the 40-Hour Work Week, Mandated under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938
1945 - Official Start of the United Nations
2005 - Death of Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
 
25
1415 - Battle of Agincourt
1760 - Coronation of Great Britain's George III
1983 - United States Invasion of Grenada
 
26
1825 - Opening of the Erie Canal
1881 - Shoot-Out at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona, Involving Doc Holliday and Wyatt Earp
 
27
1787 - Publication of the First of the Federalist Papers
1904 - Opening of the New York City Subway (IRT)
 
28
1793 - Patent Granted for Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin
1886 - Dedication of the Statue of Liberty
1919 - Volstead Act (National Prohibition Act) Passed by Congress
1940 - Invasion of Greece by Italy (World War II)
 
29
1682 - Arrival of William Penn in Pennsylvania
1923 - Turkey Proclaimed a Republic
1929 - "Black Tuesday" Stock Market Crash (Great Depression)
1966 - Founding of the National Organization for Women (NOW)
 
30
1534 - Henry VIII Became Head of the English Church When Parliament Passed the Act of Supremacy
1938 - Orson Welles Broadcast of The War of the Worlds
1953 - General George C. Marshall Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
 
31
Jack-o-Lantern 1517 - Martin Luther sparked the Protestant Reformation by posting his 95 Theses.
1864 - Nevada became a U.S. state.
HALLOWEEN
 
 
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