Ancient Greece Educational Materials | Student Handouts
Welcome to Student! 100% free teaching materials for students in kindergarten through high school--lesson plans, worksheets, PowerPoints, outlines, interactive games, puzzles, and so much more!
History of the World: Free Worksheets, PowerPoints, Practice Tests, and More, for K-12 World History, European History, and Global Studies
Ancient Greece Educational Materials > World History > Ancient Greece
This unit contains our free educational materials on ancient Greece. Topics covered include: the ancient Minoans of Crete, the Trojan War, the peninsular Greeks (that is, classical or Hellenic Greece, Sparta, Athens, etc.), the Peloponnesian War, the conquests of Alexander the Great, and the Hellenistic period which followed Alexander's acquisitions in the Near East and beyond.
 Ancient Greece Books and FilmsAncient Greece Outlines and Powerpoints
 Ancient Greece Maps and PicturesAncient Greece Online Study Games
 Ancient Greece MiscellanyAncient Greece Worksheets
The ancient Greeks made significant and enduring contributions to various aspects of human civilization, which continue to shape our world today. Their achievements spanned areas such as philosophy, science, politics, art, literature, and more. Our free printables are here to help World History students discover the glory that was Greece. Here are some of the key contributions of the ancient Greeks.

Ancient Greece Educational Materials - Free printables, PowerPoints, outlines, puzzles, maps, worksheets, and more. Philosophy:
  • Socratic Method: Socrates, one of the most famous Greek philosophers, developed the Socratic method, a form of critical inquiry that continues to influence modern education and philosophy.
  • Plato and Aristotle: Plato, Socrates' student, founded the Academy and made profound contributions to metaphysics, ethics, and political theory. Aristotle, Plato's student, made significant contributions to a wide range of subjects, including biology, ethics, and politics.
Science and Mathematics:
  • Geometry: Euclid, a Greek mathematician, wrote Elements, a comprehensive textbook on geometry that became the standard for centuries.
  • Astronomy: The Greeks made advancements in astronomy, with figures like Hipparchus and Ptolemy making significant contributions to understanding the movements of celestial bodies.
  • Medicine: Hippocrates, known as the "Father of Medicine," established a rational approach to medicine, emphasizing observation, diagnosis, and ethical medical practice.
Literature and Drama:
  • Epic Poetry: Homer's epic poems, The Iliad and The Odyssey, are foundational works of Western literature, exploring themes of heroism, fate, and the human condition.
  • Drama: Ancient Greek theater, with playwrights like Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, gave birth to tragedy and comedy, forms of storytelling that continue to influence literature and drama today.
Art and Architecture:
  • Classical Architecture: The Greeks developed classical architectural styles, characterized by columns, pediments, and symmetry. The Parthenon in Athens is an iconic example.
  • Sculpture: Greek sculpture reached extraordinary heights, with lifelike representations of the human form. The "Dying Gaul" and "Venus de Milo" are famous examples.
Political Philosophy:
  • Democracy: Athens is often credited with the birth of democracy, a political system that continues to be a model for modern governments.
  • The Republic: Plato's The Republic explored concepts of justice, governance, and the ideal state, laying the foundation for political philosophy.
Olympic Games: The ancient Greeks initiated the Olympic Games in Olympia, which have inspired the modern Olympic Games, fostering international competition and goodwill.

History: Herodotus, often called the "Father of History," wrote Histories, a comprehensive account of the Greco-Persian Wars, setting a standard for historical inquiry.

Rhetoric: Rhetorical techniques and the art of persuasion, as taught by figures like Gorgias and Aristotle, continue to be relevant in communication and public speaking.

Ethics and Morality: Greek philosophy, including the works of philosophers like Epicurus and the Stoics, explored questions of ethics, morality, and the pursuit of a meaningful life.

Language: The Greek language, particularly Attic Greek, has had a profound influence on the development of European languages, including English, and has contributed to the foundations of Western thought.

Theater: The concept of theater as a form of entertainment and cultural expression was popularized by the Greeks, influencing drama and performing arts around the world.

Scientific Method: The Greeks laid the groundwork for the scientific method by emphasizing empirical observation, rational inquiry, and systematic study.

These contributions by the ancient Greeks helped shape the foundations of Western civilization and continue to be celebrated and studied for their enduring impact on human culture, thought, and progress. Our free printables, PowerPoint presentations, online games, and more, are here to assist World History teachers and students on their journey back in time to the agora of Athens and warrior schools of Sparta. > World History > Ancient Greece