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The Agricultural Revolution - Outline
Here is a free printable outline of the Agricultural Revolution in the West which occurred in the 18th and 19th centuries, in conjunction with the Industrial Revolution. This outline is suited for high school-level (and up) teachers and students of World History, Global Studies, and European History (both AP and general education courses). Scroll down for a printable version (.pdf file).
The Agricultural Revolution
methods had not changed much since the Middle Ages
sickle, wooden plow
system—farmers left 1/3 of the land fallow each year to restore
fertility to the soil
system—unfenced farms with few improvements made to the land
surplus—only enough food was made to feed the population
Agriculture and industry
Revolution brought machinery to farms
The use of
farming machinery meant that fewer farm workers were needed
workers moved to the cities to find work in factories
This is called
populations in urban cities required farmers to grow more crops
Food to eat
(like cotton) for textile factories
Planted seeds in straight rows as opposed to scattering them
over a field
cultivation: Loosened the soil and eliminated weeds
Ended the three-field system by illustrating how planting
different crops in the same field each year kept the soil from
First to scientifically breed farm animals for increased
production, and better quality, of beef, milk, wool, etc.
writer: Popularized new farming methods and machinery
Invented fertilizers to enrich exhausted soil, which increased
the amount of available farmland
(1793) – increased cotton production
reaper (1834) – increased wheat production
inventions – horse-drawn hay rake, threshing machine, steel plow
gasoline diesel engines, and electric motors were added to farm
machinery as these types of engines were invented
Revolution and Agricultural Revolution complemented one another
needs in one created developments and needs in the other
became a science during the Agricultural Revolution
governments invested in agricultural research
agricultural schools, societies, and experimental stations
stock breeding, new foods, food preservation, new farming
techniques and irrigation methods, frozen foods
Today, in the
industrialized world, much more food is grown by far fewer
farmers than was grown 200 years ago (or is grown today in the
features of agriculture before the Agricultural Revolution.
agricultural machinery change farm labor?
inventions or methods of at least three agricultural innovators.
d.Weigh the pros and cons of modern agriculture’s use of pesticides, preservation, and stock breeding.
Click here for a printable version of this outline (.pdf file) on the Agricultural Revolution.
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