First Grade ELA English Language Arts | Student Handouts
Welcome to Student! 100% free teaching materials for students in kindergarten through high school--lesson plans, worksheets, PowerPoints, outlines, interactive games, puzzles, and so much more!
First Grade ELA: English Language Arts > First Grade > Grade 1 ELA: English Language Arts
Language: Literacy Reading: Literature
Literature Speaking and Listening
Reading: Foundational Skills Writing
Reading: Informational Text  
First-grade English Language Arts (ELA) is a critical stage in a child's education, as it lays the foundation for their literacy skills. Here are some of the most important things for teachers to know about teaching first-grade ELA.

Phonics and Phonemic Awareness: First graders are still developing their phonics and phonemic awareness skills. Teachers should focus on helping students understand the relationship between letters and sounds, practice blending and segmenting sounds, and introduce common phonics rules and patterns.

Reading Comprehension: First graders are transitioning from learning to read to reading to learn. Teachers should emphasize reading comprehension strategies, including making predictions, summarizing, and asking questions about the text.

Sight Words: Sight words are high-frequency words that students should recognize by sight. These words are essential for fluent reading. Teachers should provide opportunities for students to practice and memorize sight words.

Fluency: Fluency is the ability to read text accurately, quickly, and with expression. Teachers should work on developing students' fluency through regular reading practice, both in and out of the classroom.

Writing Skills: First graders should be encouraged to express themselves through writing. Teachers should focus on developing students' writing skills, including handwriting, spelling, and basic sentence structure.

Vocabulary: Expanding vocabulary is essential for comprehension and communication. Teachers can introduce new words through reading and thematic units.

Literacy Centers: Literacy centers provide opportunities for hands-on learning and small-group instruction. Teachers should create engaging literacy centers that help reinforce ELA concepts.

Oral Language Development: Encourage students to participate in discussions, answer questions, and share their ideas. Developing oral language skills is a vital aspect of ELA.

Differentiated Instruction: Students have varying levels of readiness and learning styles. Differentiated instruction is crucial to meet individual needs. Teachers should use a variety of teaching strategies and materials.

Assessment: Regular formative and summative assessments are essential to track students' progress and identify areas where they may need additional support.

Literacy Integration: Integrate ELA with other subjects, such as science and social studies, to help students see the real-world applications of their literacy skills.

Reading Aloud: Reading aloud to students exposes them to more advanced vocabulary and fosters a love of reading. Teachers should read a variety of texts, including fiction and non-fiction.

Parental Involvement: Encourage parents to be actively involved in their child's literacy development. Share strategies they can use at home to support reading and writing.

Love for Reading: Fostering a love for reading is perhaps the most critical aspect of teaching first-grade ELA. Teachers should aim to create a positive and engaging environment for reading and storytelling.

By focusing on these key elements, teachers can effectively support their first-grade students in developing strong literacy skills and a lifelong love for reading and writing. > First Grade > Grade 1 ELA: English Language Arts