Today in History: April | Student Handouts
 
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April: Today in History
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1
1976 - Apple Computer Company was founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak.

April Fools Day
   
2
1513 - Florida was reached by Juan Ponce de Leon.
1917 - Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war against Germany.
   
3
1917 - The U.S. House of Representatives accepted The American's Creed, penned by William Tyler Page, as an official national motto.
1948
- Marshall Plan was signed by President Harry Truman.
   
4
1949 - North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was signed into existence.
1968 - Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
   
5
1614 - Marriage of Pocahontas and John Rolfe.
   
6
1830 - Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) was established by Joseph Smith and others in Fayette, New York.
1862 - Start of the Battle of Shiloh (U.S. Civil War).
   
7
1948 - Founding of the World Health Organization.
   
8
1946 - First assembly of the United Nations.
   
9
2005 - Marriage of Camilla Parker Bowles and Prince Charles of Great Britain.
   
10
1849 - Patent granted to Walter Hunt for his safety pin.
1912 - Titanic set sail.
1942 - Start of the Bataan Death March, Philippines (World War II).
   
11
1814 - Napoleon Bonaparte was exiled to Elba.
1945 - Buchenwald concentration camp was liberated by Allied forces.
1968 - Civil Rights Act of 1968 was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
   
12
1861 - Attack on Fort Sumter which started the U.S. Civil War.
1961 - Yuri Gagarin of the Soviet Union became the first person in space.
   
13
1598 - France's Edict of Nantes granted Huguenots (Protestants) religious tolerance.
   
14
1828 - Dictionary copyrighted by Noah Webster.
1865 - Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln by John Wilkes Booth.
1912 - Iceberg struck by the Titanic.
   
15
1945 - Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was liberated by Allied forces (World War II).
 
 
16
1917 - Return of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin to Russia (Russian Revolution).
   
17
1895 - Treaty of Shimonoseki formally ended the First Sino-Japanese War.
1975 - Khmer Rouge gained control of Phnom Penh (the capital city of Cambodia).
   
18
1775 - Paul Revere went on his famous midnight ride.
1906 - Great San Francisco earthquake.
1956 - Marriage of Grace Kelly and Monaco's Prince Rainier.
   
19
1775 - Americans defeated the British at the Battle of Concord, later commemorated by Ralph Waldo Emerson in his "Concord Hymn."
1943
- Start of an uprising in the Warsaw ghetto of Poland (World War II).
   
20
1769 - Killing of Indian leader, Chief Pontiac.
1912 - Death of Bram Stoker, author of Dracula.
   
21
1836 - The forces of Sam Houston are victorious over the forces of Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto, which ends the Texas Revolution.
1960
- Brasilia became the capital city of Brazil.
   
22
1500 - Brazil was reached by Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral.

Earth Day
   
23
"Talk Like Shakespeare Day" - Held in honor of his birthday.
   
24
1916 - Easter Rising began in Dublin, Ireland.
1800 - Library of Congress established.
1915 - Start of the Armenian Massacre.
1990 - Hubble Space Telescope launched.

   
25
1901 - New York became the first state to require license plates on cars.
1945 - The first meeting to establish the United Nations was held in San Francisco.
   
26
1986 - Chernobyl nuclear disaster.
1994 - South Africa's first multi-race elections were held.
2000 - Vermont became the first state to allow same-sex unions.
   
27
4977 B.C.E. - Kepler's Date for the formation of the universe.
1521 - Ferdinand Magellan was killed in the Philippines.
1937 - The first Social Security checks were mailed.
1993 - Eritrea became independent.
   
28
1788 - Maryland became a U.S. state.
1945 - Execution of Benito Mussolini.
   
29
1429 - Joan of Arc liberated Orleans.
1945
- Dachau concentration camp was liberated by American forces.
   
30
1803 - The Louisiana Purchase was made by U.S. President Thomas Jefferson.
 
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