Gaius Marius Biography Workbook | Student Handouts
 
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Gaius Marius Biography Workbook
Historical Figures > Historical Figures with "M" Names > Gaius Marius (157-86 B.C.E.)
 
 
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Gaius Marius (157-86 BCE): Learn all about this famous and powerful Roman general, who defeated Germanic barbarian invaders and reformed the ancient Roman military. Part of our Biography Workbooks series for high school, this item is nineteen pages in length, and is full of thought-provoking questions and activities alongside its informational text. Click here to print. The answer key is below.
 
 
 
 
Answer Key: 1. 48; 2. Arpinum; 3. Populares; 4. Praetor; 5. Jugurtha wanted terms, and the consul demanded unconditional surrender; 6. Metellus did not want to give Gaius Marius leave to run for office; 7. Successful generals were hard to remove from office; 8. He believed that paid soldiers would be better trained, better disciplined, and more effective; 9. Answers will vary; 10. They still had an interest in war and the prestige that went along with soldiering; 11. Less than two years; 12. Lack of land; 13. Barbarian tribe from northern Europe; 14. These were wealthy noble men (patricians) with no military training; 15. Answers will vary; 16. Answers will vary; 17. A - True; 18. July 20, 102 BCE; 19. Answers will vary, but should include the fact that voting soldiers came to dominate and control Roman politics; 20. If the Roman Senate could not govern, far less could the Roman mob govern; 21. Memmius led the moderate faction, while Glaucia and Saturninus led the radical faction; 22. That the spoils of the empire should be fought for among themselves; 23. The Romans needed soldiers; 24. Answers will vary, but should include the fact that the Populares and provincials shared a common enemy--the patricians in the Roman Senate; 25. Sulla; 26. He led his troops into the city itself, and lighted his watch-fires in the Forum; 27. Africa; 28. Answers will vary, but should center on the harsh way he was treated despite being a war hero; 29. 50; 30. 7; 31. Answers will vary.
 
 
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