|July: Today in History|
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1863 - Start of the Battle of Gettysburg, part of the U.S. Civil War.
1898 - The Battle of San Juan Hill, part of the Spanish-American War, was fought by Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt and the Rough Riders.
1945 - The Tapel Massacre took place in the Philippines.
1962 - Burundi became independent.
1962 - Rwanda became independent.
1997 - Great Britain returned Hong Kong to China.
1890 - The Sherman Antitrust Act was passed by the U.S. Congress.
1964 - The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
1811 - Venezuela declared its independence from Spain.
1865 - The Salvation Army was started by William Booth in London, England.
1996 - Dolly, the first cloned sheep, was born.
1535 - Sir (Saint) Thomas More was beheaded.
1898 - Hawaii was annexed by the United States.
2005 - Subway and bus terrorist bombings took place in London.
1777 - Vermont abolished slavery.
1816 - Argentina declared its independence from Spain.
1896 - The famous "Cross of Gold" speech was given by William Jennings Bryan at the Democratic National Convention.
2011 - The African country of South Sudan officially came into existence.
1890 - Wyoming became a U.S. state.
1940 - Start of the Battle of Britain.
1533 - Henry VIII of England was excommunicated by Pope Clement VII.
1543 - Henry VIII married Catherine Parr (his sixth and final wife, who survived him).
1690 - Ireland's Battle of the Boyne, in which Catholic James II was defeated by Protestant William of Orange.
1793 - Charlotte Corday stabbed Jean-Paul Marat to death in his bathtub.
1863 - Start of the draft riots in New York City.
1789 - French revolutionaries stormed the Bastille in Paris.
1933 - The Nazis banned all other political parties in Germany.
1918 - Start of the Second Battle of the Marne (World War I).
1918 - The Bolsheviks executed Nicholas II and his family.
1821 - Florida was ceded to the United States by Spain.
1898 - End of the Spanish-American War.
64 C.E. - Start of a fire which would burn the larger part of ancient Rome.
1936- Start of the Spanish Civil War.
1848 - Seneca Falls Convention.
1870 - Start of the Franco-Prussian War.
1993 - U.S. Military's "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy was declared by President William "Bill" Clinton.
1810 - Colombia declared its independence from Spain.
1969 - Neil Armstrong's historic moonwalk.
1970 - Egypt opened the Aswan High Dam.
1934 - John Dillinger was killed outside of the Biograph Theater in Chicago, Illinois.
1995 - Discovery of the Hale-Bopp Comet.
2005 - Seventh win for Lance Armstrong in the Tour de France.
1952 - Puerto Rico became a United States Commonwealth.
1847 - Liberia became a republic.
1952 - Death of Eva "Evita" Peron in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1214 - A decisive French victory at the Battle of Bouvines ended the Angevin-Flanders War of 1202-1214 (also known as the Anglo-French War).
1953 - Armistice ended the Korean War
1540 - Execution of Thomas Cromwell.
1540 - Henry VIII married Catherine Howard (fifth of his six wives, later beheaded).
1794 - Maximilien Robespierre guillotined in Paris.
1868 - Ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment.
1890 - Suicide of Vincent van Gogh.
1981 - Wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer,
1965 - Medicare signed into law by Lyndon B. Johnson.
1975 - James "Jimmy" Hoffa reported missing.
1498 - Christopher Columbus landed in what is now known as Trinidad.
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