Today in History: November
1512 - The public was admitted to view Michelangelo's work on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
1765 - The Stamp Act was started in colonial America.
1993 - The Maastricht Treaty established the European Union.
1842 - Mary Todd and Abraham Lincoln were married.
1922 - Pharaoh Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered by Howard Carter.
1956 - The Hungarian Revolt was put down by Soviet troops.
1995 - Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated.
1605 - Failure of the Gunpowder Plot in England.
1968 - Election of Shirley Chisholm, the first African-American woman to serve in the United States Congress.
1893 - Death of Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky in St. Petersburg, Russia.
1847 - Abraham Stoker, better known as Bram Stoker, was born the third of seven children in Dublin, Ireland. He would become famous as the author of Dracula.
1889 - Montana became a state.
1923 - The Beer Hall Putsch occurred in Germany. This was a major event in the development and growth of Adolf Hitler as Nazi leader.
1938 - Kristallnacht took place in Germany. Persecution of Jews throughout Germany would escalate, climaxing in the Holocaust which killed an estimated 6,000,000 Jews and 3,000,000 others throughout Europe.
1871 - Journalist Henry Stanley found David Livingstone in Africa, and famously uttered the words, "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" Stanley's discovery, along with Livingstone's published accounts, increased European interest in colonizing and imperializing the African continent.
Veterans Day (U.S.A.)|
1620 - Signing of the Mayflower Compact by English emigrants seeking religious freedom and new opportunities in North America.
1831 - Execution of Nat Turner, who had led a slave rebellion in the American South.
1965 - Rhodesia (named after Cecil Rhodes and now known as Zimbabwe) became independent.
1927 - The Soviet Communist Party expelled the Old Bolshevik Leon Trotsky.
1954 - Ellis Island, the starting point for millions of American immigrants, was closed.
1990 - Emperor Akihito ascended to the Japanese throne.
1942 - The United States draft age was lowered from 21 to 18.
1982 - The Vietnam War Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C.
1851 - Publication of Moby Dick by Herman Melville.
1777 - The Articles of Confederation were approved by the American Continental Congress.
1907 - Oklahoma became a state.
1558 - Queen Elizabeth I ascended to the English throne.
1800 - The first meeting of the United States Congress in Washington, D.C., was held.
1869 - Egypt's Suez Canal was opened.
1973 - U.S. President Richard Nixon uttered the famous words, "I am not a crook."
1820 - Captain Nathaniel Palmer reached Antarctica.
1794 - The signing of Jay's Treaty.
1990 - Milli Vanilli's Grammy award was rescinded after news reports surfaced that the pop singing duo did not sing their own songs.
1945 - Start of the war crimes trials in Nuremberg, Germany. These post-World War II trials would firmly establish the principle that "I was just following orders" is not a valid defense.
1962 - The end of the Cuban Missile Crisis between the United States and the Soviet Union.
1789 - North Carolina became a state.
1497 - Vasco de Gama sailed around the Cape of Good Hope.
1963 - U.S. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas.
1945 - The end of wartime food rationing in the United States of America.
1642 - Abel Tasman reached Tasmania (Australia).
1859 - Publication of On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin. In this groundbreaking book, Darwin proposed the theory of evolution to explain the variations among species.
1871 - Incorporation of the National Rifle Association (NRA).
1963 - Lee Harvey Oswald, who had assassinated President John F. Kennedy, was himself fatally shot by Jack Ruby.
1986 - The Iran-Contra scandal broke in the news.
1999 - Young Cuban refugee Elian Gonzalez was dramatically rescued from the waters surrounding Florida.
1940 - The Jewish population of Warsaw, Poland, was forced by the Nazis to relocate to an enclosed ghetto.
|1910 - Pennsylvania Station opened in New York City.|
1520 - Ferdinand Magellan passed through what was later named the Strait of Magellan in his honor.
1942 - The infamous Coconut Grove Nightclub fire occurred in Boston, Massachusetts.
1943 - The Tehran Conference took place between major World War II leaders (the "big three") Winston Churchill (Great Britain), Franklin D. Roosevelt (United States), and Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union).
1929 - Commander Richard E. Byrd and his crew flew over the South Pole.
1940 - Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz were married. The couple would go on to star in the hit television series "I Love Lucy."
1974 - Donald Johanson discovered the Lucy skeleton in Ethiopia.