March Calendar: Today in History
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1789 - The United States Constitution officially became the law of the land.
1791 - Vermont became a U.S. state.
1917 - The first woman, Jeannette Rankin, sat in the U.S. House of Representatives.
1933 - The first woman to serve in an American president's cabinet, Frances Perkins, was appointed Secretary of Labor by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1770 - The Boston Massacre takes place in Massachusetts.
1876 - A patent is granted to Alexander Graham Bell for the telephone.
1965 - Civil rights marchers are attacked on the Edmund Pettus Bridge between Selma and Montgomery, Alabama.
1782 - Gnadenhutten, Ohio, massacre of Delaware Indians occurs.
1917 - The start of Russia's February Revolution.
1948 - Religious instruction in public schools is declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.
1796 - The marriage of Josephine de Beauharnais and Napoleon Bonaparte takes place.
1629 - Parliament is dissolved by England's Charles I.
1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by the U.S. Congress (Mexican-American War).
1941 - The Lend-Lease Bill is signed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt (World War II).
1990 - Lithuania becomes independent following the break-up of the Soviet Union.
2011 - The Tohoku earthquake and tsunami (東北地方太平洋沖地震, a 9.0-magnitude megathrust earthquake) strike off the coast of Japan at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC).
1912 - The Girl Scouts of America is founded by Juliette Gordon Low.
1938 - Adolf Hitler's Anschluss unites Austria and Germany.
1947 - The Truman Doctrine is established by U.S. President Harry Truman.
1639 - Cambridge College is renamed Harvard University.
1794 - Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin, an important invention in the First Industrial Revolution.
1521 - The Philippines is reached by Spanish explorer Ferdinand Magellan.
1850 - Publication is made of Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter.
1968 - The My Lai Massacre takes place in Vietnam as part of the Vietnam War.
1766 - The Stamp Act is repealed by Great Britain.
1931 - Gambling is legalized in Nevada.
2003 - The United States begins a war against Iraq, aided by the United Kingdom and other countries.
1556 - Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury, is burned at the stake for heresy.
1765 - The Stamp Act is enacted.
1775 - The famous "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death" speech is given by Patrick Henry.
1919 - Benito Mussolini founds the Fascist party in Italy.
1603 - England's Elizabeth I, known as the "virgin queen," dies.
1634 - Maryland is founded as a colony in North America.
1911 - New York City's Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire draws attention to the lack of safety measures for factory workers in the United States.
1957 - The European Economic Community (EEC) is established.
1971 - East Pakistan becomes independent as Bangladesh.
1958 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes leader of the Soviet Union.
1797 - Nathaniel Briggs is granted a patent for his washing machine.
1939 - The Spanish Civil War ends.
1842 - Anesthesia is used during surgery for the first time.
1867 - The United States purchased Alaska, a deal known as Seward's folly.
1856 - The Crimean War officially ends with the Treaty of Paris.
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